1. Creating a robot
  2. Accessing the robot's info
  3. Example starting robot

1. Creating a robot

This is the basic structure of every robot file:

class Robot:
    def act(self, game):
        return [<some action>, <params>]

At the beginning of the game, the system creates one instance of your Robot class. This means that class variables and your module's global variables are shared between calls. Every turn the system calls that single instance's act method once for each of your robots to determine its next action. (Again, please read the rules first.) The method should return one of:

['move', (x, y)]
['attack', (x, y)]

If act throws an exception or returns an invalid command, the robot will simply guard, but if it times out too many times then it will be forced to surrender the match. Please see Security for those details.

2. Accessing the robot's info

Every robot, including self, has the following properties exposed:

  • location — the robot's location as a tuple (x, y)
  • hp — the robot's health as an int
  • player_id — the robot's player_id (what "team" it belongs to)
  • robot_id — a unique number identifying each robot (only available for robots on your team)

For example, to access the current robot's HP, you would write self.hp.

Every turn, the system calls your act method, passing it a game parameter set to the following structure:

    # a dictionary of all robots on the field mapped
    # by {location: robot}
    'robots': {
        (x1, y1): {
            'location': (x1, y1),
            'hp': hp,
            'player_id': player_id,

            # only if the robot is on your team
            'robot_id': robot_id

        # ...and the rest of the robots

    # number of turns passed (starts at 0)
    'turn': turn

game and every robot in game['robots'] are instances of a special type of dict where you can access values using attributes. This is to make writing code faster. So, the following are equivalent:


Here's a quick example to print out the location of any robots that are on your team:

class Robot:
    def act(self, game):
        for loc, robot in game.robots.items():
            if robot.player_id == self.player_id:
                print loc

3. Example starting robot

Here's a simple robot to use as a starting point. It looks for any enemies around and attacks them. Otherwise, it tries to move to the center.

import rg

class Robot:
    def act(self, game):
        # if we're in the center, stay put
        if self.location == rg.CENTER_POINT:
            return ['guard']

        # if there are enemies around, attack them
        for loc, bot in game.robots.iteritems():
            if bot.player_id != self.player_id:
                if rg.dist(loc, self.location) <= 1:
                    return ['attack', loc]

        # move toward the center
        return ['move', rg.toward(self.location, rg.CENTER_POINT)]

As you can see, there is a module called rg being used. We'll look at this next.

Implementation detail: only one instance of your robot is created each game, so you can store persistent data in your instance variables.